Although there are more than 3 types of heating and air conditioning. We will discuss the 3 main types. The first one that comes to mind is the HVAC system. There are more than one type of heating and air within this classification. The most widely used system of an HVAC system is known as central heating and air conditioning.
HVAC is the acronym for heating, ventilation, and air conditioning. Central heating works from one centralized point to provide heating to multiple rooms within a building. It is combined with other systems to control the buildings climate. Air is forced from that point through duct work (venting system) throughout a building or home. The most important factor about central heating and air conditioning is the ventilated duct work. This is what’s most commonly used. Especially in the United States.
The air conditioner part of a central heating and air system is the other combined system. It does not necessarily come pre-connected. It is a separate system than the heating HVAC system. It can be partnered with central heat to provided year-round climate control. Thus the term, central heating and air conditioning.
The air conditioning portion of central heating and air can be a split-system or a combined package. The split-system comes with an out-door metal cabinet that holds the condenser and compressor. Another cabinet contains the evaporator. This indoor cabinet can also contain a heat pump or a furnace.
The average cost per home to heat and cool a home for 1 year is and according to EnergyStar.Gov is $2,060 per year. However, that does depend on the size of your home, the quality of insulation, and the climate that you live in.
The hybrid system is a dual-fuel system that combines a heat pump with a combustion furnace for back-up. This system can be manually adjusted from heat pump to combustion or a temperature can be set to make it automatic. Because it is hybrid, it promises a 30% to 50% reduction in heating costs per year. It is also possible to qualify for a tax credit or rebate.
A hybrid system can heat and cool. It utilizes a heat pump to cool and switches to the furnace to heat. As long as there is a forced air system, a hybrid system can be utilized to do both heating and cooling. In the winter it pulls warm air from outside into the home to provide heat and effective to about 30 degrees Fahrenheit. In the summer it pulls warm air from inside the home to the outside to provide cooling. Reviews are mixed regarding the hybrid system.
The system that is on the rise and largely due to tiny houses is the ductless system. Particularly the mini-split system. A mini split can come singularly or with multi-units. It allows climate control to vary from room to room. Meaning the temperature can be set differently from one room to another. It allows the owner to control temperatures as individual rooms as well as one whole building.
The mini-split has only 2 components. It has an outdoor compressor/condenser, and an indoor evaporator that provides the hot or cold air. They install easily. Only requiring about a 3 inch hole for power and communication cables, copper tubing, a condensation drain line that connects the outdoor portion to the inside portion. Installation is almost as inexpensive as installing a new light socket.
According to EnergyStar.Gov. a mini-split can cut cooling costs by half and heating costs by 30%. Not only that. They can be installed into one room, or replace a whole other system for an entire home. It is ductless. That means there is no need for massive air ducting to perform on any structure. Just a small piping and electrical wiring system.